Harriet Beecher Stowe
(1811-1896)  Harriet was born the seventh child of a famous protestant preacher in Connecticut. In her early adult years she worked as a teacher and helped to support her family financially by writing for local and religious periodicals. the family moved to Cincinnati and she married widower Calvin Stowe. While she wrote at least ten adult novels, Harriet Beecher Stowe is predominantly known for her first, Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852). Begun as a serial for the Washington anti-slavery weekly, the National Era, it focused public interest on the issue of slavery, and was deeply controversial. Stowe enlisted friends and family to send her information and she scoured freedom narratives and anti-slavery newspapers for first hand accounts as she composed her story. In 1852 the serial was published as a two volume book. Uncle Tom's Cabin was a best seller in the United States, England, Europe, Asia, and translated into over 60 languages. Following publication of the book, she became a celebrity, speaking against slavery both in America and Europe. She wrote two more books that focused on slavery. In 1862, when she visited President Lincoln, legend claims that he greeted her as "the little lady who made this big war": the war between the states. She died in Hartford, Connecticut at the age of 85.